Lin Biao


Lin Biao
(1907–1971)
   Lin Biao was a leading communist military commander during the Chinese Revolution, and a key figure in the country’s leadership from 1959 until his death. Born in Hubei province, Lin was above all a military man, attending the Whampoa Military Academy, and serving in the Kuomintang (KMT) army before joining the communist Red Army. He commanded the First Red Army during the Long March, and after World War II led the communist Northeast Liberation Army to victory over the nationalist KMT forces. He became minister of national defense and head of the People’s Liberation Army in 1959. His political appointments included vice chairman of the party in 1958, and he was viewed as the second-ranking member of the Chinese Communist Party from 1966 until his death, and the officially designated successor to Mao Zedong. For most his political career Lin was close and loyal to Mao, and he sought to educate first the military and then society at large in the thought of Mao. He was responsible for the (in)famous “Little Red Book,” the book of maxims from Mao’s thought that was widely issued in the People’s Republic of China and beyond. Lin not only inculcated the army with Mao’s ideology, but also contributed to militarizing Chinese Marxist ideology. He espoused the notion of a “people’s war,” which painted the world as a battlefield between rural and urban societies (such as China and the United States respectively), and which encouraged guerrilla warfare in people’s wars around the globe. Lin gradually became a rival to Mao, opposing both the policies and direction of Mao after the Cultural Revolution. He died in an airplane crash in 1971 when apparently trying to flee to the Soviet Union after the failure of an attempted coup against Mao.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lin Biao — im Jahre 1955 Lín Biāo (chinesisch 林彪) oder Lin Piao, Geburtsname Lin Yurong (Chinesisch: 林 育 容), (* 5. Dezember 1907 in Hubei; † 13. September 1971 in Öndörchaan, Mongolei) war ein wichtiger chinesischer Politiker anseiten Mao Zedongs …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lin Biao — Lin Biao, ou Lin Piao, (林彪) était un militaire et homme politique chinois né le 5 décembre 1907 dans la ville de Wuhan. Il est mort le 13 septembre 1971 dans des circonstances troubles, accusé de complot contre Mao Zedong. Lin Biao …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LIN BIAO — [LIN PIAO] (1907 1971) Né au Hubei dans un milieu de petits propriétaires terriens, Lin Biao s’intéresse très tôt aux mouvements radicaux de l’intelligentsia. Au sortir de l’école secondaire, il devient membre de la Ligue de la jeunesse… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lin Biao — /lin byow / 1907 71, Chinese marshal and Communist leader: defense minister 1959 71; leader of abortive coup 1971. * * * or Lin Piao born Dec. 5, 1907, Huanggang, Hubei province, China died Sept. 13, 1971?, Mongolia? Chinese military leader and… …   Universalium

  • Lin Biao — Lin Biao,   Lin Piao, chinesischer General und Politiker, * Huangkang (Provinz Hubei) 5. 12. 1907, ✝ 13. 9. 1971; unterstützte 1928 34 Mao Zedong beim Aufbau der »Chinesischen Sowjetrepublik« und verteidigte sie als Befehlshaber des 1. Armeekorps …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lin Biao — Infobox President name = Lin Biao 林彪 imagesize = 100px caption = order = 2nd Executive Vice Premier of the People s Republic of China term start = 1965 term end = 1975 predecessor = Chen Yun successor = Deng Xiaoping birth date = December 5, 1907 …   Wikipedia

  • Lin Biao — Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Lin. Lin Biao. Lin Biao (chino: 林彪, pinyin: Lín Biāo, Wade Giles: Lin Piao) (*Wuhan, Hubei, China, 5 de diciembre de 1907 †13 de septiembre de 1971) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lin Biao — (Lin Piao) ► (1908 71) Político y militar chino. Se afilió al Partido Comunista chino en 1924. Participó en la creación del Ejército Rojo y se unió a Mao Zedong (1929) para crear la República soviética china de Jiang Xi. Fue ministro de Defensa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lin Biao — /lin byow / 1907 71, Chinese marshal and Communist leader: defense minister 1959 71; leader of abortive coup 1971. * * * [ lin byou] (also Lin Piao) (1908 71), Chinese communist statesman and general. Having been nominated to become Mao s… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lin Biao — /lɪn ˈbiaʊ/ (say lin beeow) noun c. 1907–71, Chinese general and politician who played a leading role in the Cultural Revolution; alleged to have died in a plane crash. Formerly, Lin Piao …   Australian English dictionary